ARM > Introduction to ARM > Operand2

by David Thomas on

Operand2

Operand2 is the flexible second operand to most instructions. It can take one of three different forms:

  • An immediate value
    • An 8-bit number rotated right by an even number of places.
  • A register shifted by value
    • A 5-bit unsigned integer shift.
  • A register shifted by register
    • The bottom 8 bits of a register.

Examples of Operand2

Immediate values

MOV r0, #42                 ; Move the value 42 into R0
ORR r1, r1, #0xFF00         ; OR the value 0xFF00 with R1

Registers shifted by values

MOV r2, r2, LSR #1          ; Shift R2 right by one bit
RSB r10, r5, r14, ASR #14   ; Shift R14 right by 14 bits while sign extending, then subtract R5 from that. Put the result in R10. (RSB = Reverse Subtract)

Registers shifted by registers

BIC r11, r11, r1, LSL r0    ; Take R1 and shift it left by R0, then use that as a mask to clear bits in R11. Put the result in R11
CMP r9, r8, ROR r0          ; Take R8 and rotate it right by R0, then compare that with R9. The result is the processor flags

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